Chichen Itza, is an archeological site in the Yucatan and the location for the ruins of the Maya buildings, such as temples and pyramids and among the new wonders of the World.They constructed their buildings based on a sober style, without ornaments, which you can see by visiting the ruins.
Then it was the Toltecs that erected the military buildings and who took Chichen Itza to oblivion and neglect.
About Chichen Itza and Its Pyramid
The Pyramid of Kukulcan has a square base of fifty five meters and reaches up to twenty 24 meters; it is the main building in Chichen Itza.
The pyramid appears to be the Mayan Calendar's representation. The name Chichen Itza means "at the edge of the well with the Itza" deriving from Mayan roots. The Pyramid of Kukulcan is among the main archeological sites in the Peninsula of Yucatan, in the municipality of Tinum, in the State of Yucatan, constructed within the year 525 AD. Chichen Itza was becoming the region most important political center at the end of the classic period.
Historians believe that the main buildings of Chichen Itza were messed up after the 11th century and then renewed, because of its long suffering of violence between ethnicities.
All About The Pyramid Of Kukulkan
The primary building on the Chichen Itza esplanade is the Kukulcan pyramid, known as the "The Castle", and among the most amazing buildings of the Mayan architecture.
You can see a rectangular temple on its top along with four sides. Built on a 55 meters platform, the pyramid is 24 meters high. On each side, there is a ladder which reaches the temple.
While in the temple visitors find the sculpture of Chac Mool and also a red painted jaguar throne.
The building or pyramid is the Mayan calendar's representation, because each side has 91 steps, which multiplied by four produce 364, plus one, represented by the platform, make 365 steps, such as the days of the calendar of the Mayan which made anthropologist to believe that the pyramid was built and dedicated to their Sun god.
Where the ball game was actually played
The pyramid has a special location under the astronomy when the early spring and fall arrive as the visitor is able to see the 'Feathered Serpent' climbing down the stairs in the direction of the Sacred Cenote, on a play of light and shadow.
The ball game was often thought to be a ceremony by which they showed Venus' duality, the wind and the sun. Loads of people think that the losing team was sacrificed since it had been defeated, yet others think that the winning team was sacrificed simply because winners had the honor to be sacrificed.
The best warriors are those who are only allowed to take part in the ball game. Priests and kings have a certain area around to see the game.
The Temple of the Jaguar
There's a series of stone columns with carved snakes and jaguars figures inside the temple. Also, there are remains inside the temple that describes the story of a big war.
Temple of Skulls
Details of the Temple of Skulls
Moreover the mentioned temple has a platform that looks like a 'T', carved with skulls that resembles like human skulls. Also representations of eagles flying toward human torsos to devour can be found. In this temple platform, heads of people killed were placed.
Platform of Venus
What these days is regarded as Venus, the Moon and the sun, were fundamental stars for the Maya. Also, images of the gods' mother of the 'Coatlicue' and the snake woman 'Cihuacoatl' exists on the platform.
The Maya's centre of religious activities was the sacred cenote which measures 35 meters deep and 65 meters in diameter. Ceremonial offerings to the god of water, consisting mainly of gold pieces, core and fabric were thrown by the Mayans to the sacred cenotes.
Chichen Itza was named among the new seven wonders of the modern world modern in the year 2007 To finish this article, we conclude that the Maya had a talent for architecture, as in their high time they created splendid structures only using the materials at their disposal at that time.
An evidence of their fantastic intellect and skill to build would be the fact the buildings are still in excellent condition while still delighting people today. Such structures are magnificent and wonderful that it was listed as a part of the new wonders of the world.
Chichen Itza is one of the very best places of interest that characterize this amazing country, luring countless people from around the globe for what is deemed by the government an edge to Mexico's economy.
Duende Tours offers an amazing flight tour to Chichen Itza.
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