When creating the kit, it is important to ensure that you do not forget anything. At the same time, you should not overdo the exercise to the extent of making it burdensome. An important component of almost any survival pack is shelter. The shelter serves to protect you from all the forms of harsh weather conditions. Exposure to extremes may lead to potentially life-threatening conditions.
There are a number of different forms of shelter that one can choose from. Popular choices include tents, trash bags and tarps. All have their advantages and disadvantages. A common practice is to rip nylon ponchos open and to modify them into tents. Virtually any light material will do. Make sure you have some ropes and stakes to help the erection.
The choice of bedding is determined by two main factors; weight and the functionality. Wool and fleece are both light and very warm. As a matter of fact these two materials can retain heat even when wet. This makes them appropriate for use in almost any weather condition. Wool has the additional advantage of being a flame retardant. The other alternative that can be considered in the absence of these two is foil type blankets.
The amount of water in the kit should be worked out as per each individual. A minimum of between 130 and 160 oz is required for each person per day. This water is only to be used for drinking purposes. The water may be packed in water bags, sterilised bottles or reusable containers. On average, bottled water has a shelf life of about 5 years.
The choice of food to be carried will be dictated by the tastes and preferences of the individual. What you need to ensure is that there is balance among the food groups and there is just enough sources of minerals and vitamins. On average, about 2000 calories will be required for each person on a daily basis. To save on space, foods that do not require the use of utensils are preferred. Granola and food bars are not just easy to package but are also ready to eat.
Other items that should be considered after the very essential have been packed include hygiene items such as soap, toilet paper and towels. First aid contents in the kit include painkillers, antibiotics, wound cream, gauze rolls and anticoagulants among others. Important rescue aids include whistles, a pocket knife, a small rope and a crank radio.
There are rules that govern the preparation of emergency survival kits. What is contained in these tools is dependent on what the owner deems being most important. If you are taking medication, for instance, you will probably regard your drugs as being very important and you have to include them in the kit. Once you have your list, the next thing is to look for an easily accessible waterproof bag.
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