Once you come to Peru, you can explore Cusco, the center of Inca's empire. From there, you can proceed to the legendary Sacred Valley. On your way, you can stop in a small town of Ollantaytambo, to see really interesting Inca's fortress. Once there, you could take a train. The train follows the Urumba River, on the way to a famous Inca's city.
Machu Picchu was built in the fifteenth century, most probably during the reign of Pachacuti. This masterpiece of Inca's architecture is really incredible. Precisely shaped stones form walls resistant to earthquakes, and this was really important in this area, with so high seismic activity. There was no need for mortar here, the stones were so precisely adjusted. Some reconstructing works were done here, but most parts are saved as they were.
People lived here only for a century or so. It is still unknown why they have decided to leave. Some scientists think that it was due to smallpox epidemic. Isolated and surrounded by the jungle, the place remained forgotten for centuries. It was discovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911.
The city is built in very heart of the sacred land, and that's why some believe it was built to honor it. There are different opinions about it. For example, Bingham thought that it was built for the Virgins of the Sun. Until the real Lost City of the Inca's was found, some thought that Machu Picchu was the famous lost town. I any case, this is one incredible place to see, and you shouldn't miss the opportunity to explore it.
Incredible beauty of Galapagos Islands will give you entirely different experience, but equally stunning. This whole area is one unique marine ecosystem, and you won't find anything similar anywhere else. Specific, isolated location and constant seismic and volcanic activities shaped this amazing place. The diversity of plant and animal life here is simply fascinating. Don't miss this amazing experience.
These unique ecosystems are so incredible that inspired Charles Darwin to write his Evolution Theory. He was here in 1834. There are so many specific life forms here, including different animal and bird species such as flightless cormorant, for example, or unique marine iguanas. Various endemic plants and incredible variety of bird species make this place a true Eden.
Thanks to this place's unique geology, some islands are very young, while others are several times older. This is actually the place where three major tectonic plates meet, and unique geology is the result of this. Incredible underwater life forms are simply stunning. Diving here is one of the best experiences of this voyage, and you shouldn't miss this opportunity. Take this chance and explore these amazingly beautiful corals, surrounded with unique marine mammals.
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