As usual, when technology is emerging, finalization occurs in several places almost simultaneously. This was the case for the plane, it was the same for the motorcycle. In 1869, on the other side of Atlantic, some witnesses attest to existence of another two-wheeled vehicle powered by a steam engine, the Roper, who seems to have been a fairground attraction.
These statements allow Americans to attribute authorship of invention of motorcycle. However, unlike the invention of Perreaux, there remains no trace, not even a certificate proving its existence. The invention of Daimler, from 1885, was designed in order to test the powered motor oil. It was equipped with stabilizing side wheels, so four wheels in total. We can, however, argue that Daimler was first motorcycle with an internal combustion engine.
The military was interested in motorcycle. Already in Boer War, later in Balkan War motorcycles were used as means of transport. In greater numbers the motorcycle in First World War was used. Wanderer and NSU were the main suppliers of Imperial Military, Triumph, Douglas and Phelon & Moore were responsible to British, Indian and Harley-Davidson on the American side for the military production. The main use was messaging through dispatch riders and ambulance services with sidecar.
In 1969, Honda CB 750 Four with a trend-setting motorcycle with a transversely mounted four-cylinder four-stroke engine and hydraulic disc brake in front, followed by the 1972 Kawasaki 900 as first modern supermotorcycle. Van Veen 1976 provided for the OCR 1000, first electronic ignition. 1980 Kawasaki offered at the Z 1000 Fuel Injection first electronic gasoline injection in a series of motorcycle.
A motorcycle is typically a single-track motor vehicle with two wheels and one or two seats. Motorcycles are characterized by a lower relative to car power to weight ratio. The engine power has less mass to accelerate and has a lower rolling resistance, so powerful production motorcycle in relatively high acceleration (0-100 km / h in up to 2.7 seconds) can reach. The drag coefficient of motorcycles, however, is relatively high, so that only aerodynamically perfected models actually can reach speeds of over 300 km / h, on 1 January 2014 a total of 4,055,000 motorcycles were registered in Germany, in Switzerland (September 30 2012) 679 822 motorcycles.
In 1988 there were at BMW first antilock braking system for motorcycles as an option and 1992 first traction control at the Honda Pan European. In 1999, Suzuki with its Hayabusa 1300, first over 300 km / h fast production motorcycle before, in 2006 Piaggio with their MP3 first tricycle with swivel mechanism (Leaning Multi Wheeler), 2007 Honda inir Gold Wing a motorcycle airbag and 2014, the KTM AG in its 1190 Adventure the Motorcycle stability Control (MSC), an electronic stability control of Robert Bosch.
The history of motorcycle is first history of bicycle. After 1817 the "running machine" by Karl Drais represented the beginning, the crank was invented in 1860s. Pierre Michaux developed in 1869 the steam valve, which is considered the forerunner of motorcycle; Steam wheels were made up in 1890s in United States.
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